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Sucrose synthesis in the nitrogen-fixing Cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 is controlled by the two-component response regulator OrrA


Sucrose synthesis in the nitrogen-fixing Cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 is controlled by the two-component response regulator OrrA



Applied and Environmental Microbiology 80(18): 5672-5679



ISSN/ISBN: 0099-2240

PMID: 25002430

DOI: 10.1128/aem.01501-14

The filamentous, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 accumulates sucrose as a compatible solute against salt stress. Sucrose-phosphate synthase activity, which is responsible for the sucrose synthesis, is increased by salt stress, but the mechanism underlying the regulation of sucrose synthesis remains unknown. In the present study, a response regulator, OrrA, was shown to control sucrose synthesis. Expression of spsA, which encodes a sucrose-phosphate synthase, and susA and susB, which encode sucrose synthases, was induced by salt stress. In the orrA disruptant, salt induction of these genes was completely abolished. The cellular sucrose level of the orrA disruptant was reduced to 40% of that in the wild type under salt stress conditions. Moreover, overexpression of orrA resulted in enhanced expression of spsA, susA, and susB, followed by accumulation of sucrose, without the addition of NaCl. We also found that SigB2, a group 2 sigma factor of RNA polymerase, regulated the early response to salt stress under the control of OrrA. It is concluded that OrrA controls sucrose synthesis in collaboration with SigB2.

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Accession: 056002327

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