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Surgery on the fast track--"fast track" concepts in abdominal-/pediatric surgery and urology



Surgery on the fast track--"fast track" concepts in abdominal-/pediatric surgery and urology



Versicherungsmedizin 60(2): 66-73



In surgical medicine there are traditions, myths, rites and dogmas which define concepts of treatment and strategies. Upheld and passed on without being examined or confirmed in further studies, these concepts and strategies include preoperative intestinal lavage and fasting, postoperative long-term drainage, tubes und catheters, long-term relaxation of the intestine after abdominal surgery or immobilisation for some days. New techniques and procedures in surgery and anaesthesia, including postoperative pain management like laparoscopic surgery and partial anaesthesia, reduce the need for surgery and minimize morbidity of treatment. For more than ten years now, the Copenhagen abdominal surgeon Henrik Kehlet and his team have systematically dealt with the question of how to reduce perioperative stress and improve postoperative conditions of recovery. The resulting concepts of an "enhanced recovery after surgery" (ERAS) seek to overcome handed-down myths und fix new clinical pathways. In current prospective studies of elective surgery, the clinical use of these fast track concepts have been confirmed in colon surgery, pediatric surgery and urology. Here, examples of some of these studies are discussed together with problems like general complications and length of stay, while aspects of insurance are also taken into consideration.

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Accession: 056028453

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PMID: 18595641


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