+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Sweet potato-based complementary food for infants in low-income countries

Sweet potato-based complementary food for infants in low-income countries

Food and Nutrition Bulletin 33(1): 3-10

In low-income countries, most infants are given cereal-based complementary foods prepared at the household level. Such foods are high in phytate, which limits the bioavailability of nutrients, including iron, calcium, zinc, and in some cases proteins, which are crucial to the development of infants. To compare the levels of macronutrients (protein, fat, and carbohydrate), gross energy, and fructose in sweet potato-based (denoted ComFa) formulations and enriched Weanimix (dehulled maize-dehulled soybean-groundnut blend with fish powder and sugar incorporated). The phytate level was also compared. A composite flour of sweet potato and soybeans containing fish powder was processed by oven toasting as a home-based complementary food. Another blend containing skim milk powder was processed by extrusion cooking or roller drying as industrial-based prototypes. The macronutrient composition and the levels of fructose and phytate were determined in the ComFa formulations and enriched Weanimix. The ComFa formulations and the enriched Weanimix met the stipulated values in the Codex Alimentarius Commission standard for energy (400 kcal/100 g), protein (15 g/100 g), and fat (10 to 25 g/100 g) for complementary food, with the exception of the industrial-based ComFa formulations, which satisfied 83% of the protein requirement (15 g/100 g). The ComFa formulations had a quarter of the phytate level of enriched Weanimix. The fructose level in the sweet potato-based complementary foods was more than five times that in enriched Weanimix. The sweet potato-based formulations were superior to enriched Weanimix as complementary foods for infants in low-income countries, based on the fructose (which makes the porridge naturally sweet) and phytate levels.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 056050055

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22624294

DOI: 10.1177/156482651203300101

Related references

Orange-fleshed sweet potato-based infant food is a better source of dietary vitamin A than a maize-legume blend as complementary food. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 35(1): 51-59, 2014

Selecting desirable micronutrient fortificants for plant-based complementary foods for infants and young children in low-income countries. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 95(2): 221-224, 2015

Delaying the introduction of complementary food until 6 months does not affect appetite or mother's report of food acceptance of breast-fed infants from 6 to 12 months in a low income, Honduran population. Journal of Nutrition 125(11): 2787-2792, 1995

Sweet potato: its present and potential role in the food production of developing countries. Technical paper: 174 170-182, 1977

Efficacy of vapor heat treatments on sweet potato infested with sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius , West Indian sweet potato weeveil, Euscepes postfasciatus , and sweet potato vine borer, Omphisa anastomosalis Guenee. Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service Japan 0(33): 35-41, March, 1997

Nutritional and sensory evaluation of a complementary food formulated from rice, faba beans, sweet potato flour, and peanut oil. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 35(4): 403-413, 2015

Perceptions and impact of plain packaging of tobacco products in low and middle income countries, middle to upper income countries and low-income settings in high-income countries: a systematic review of the literature. Bmj Open 6(3): E010391-E010391, 2016

A review of phytate, iron, zinc, and calcium concentrations in plant-based complementary foods used in low-income countries and implications for bioavailability. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 31(2 Suppl): S134-S146, 2010

Does delaying the introduction of complementary foods until 6 mo affect appetite, food acceptance or growth of breastfed infants from 6 to 12 mo in a low-income, Honduran population?. FASEB Journal 8(4-5): A698, 1994

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Complementary Strategy for Hypertension Diagnosis and Management in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries. Cardiology Clinics 35(1): 117-124, 2016

Extract: This report assesses the world food and financial outlook as of mid-June 1981 and its implications for the food import and food aid needs of 68 developing countries in the lowest income developing countries. It analyzes the outlook for the world supply and demand of basic foodstuffs including cereals, oilseeds, and roots and tubers and provides information on the food requirements for each of the countries analyzed. Foreign agricultural economic report US Dept of Agriculture Economic Research Service: 81 (168), 1981

Can evidence-based health policy from high-income countries be applied to lower-income countries: considering barriers and facilitators to an organ donor registry in Mumbai, India. Health Research Policy and Systems 14(): 3-3, 2016

Food sources and intake of n-6 and n-3 fatty acids in low-income countries with emphasis on infants, young children (6-24 months), and pregnant and lactating women. Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 Suppl 2: 124-140, 2011

Efficacy of vapor heat treatment on sweet potato infested with sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae), West Indian sweet potato weevil, Euscepes postfasciatus (Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and sweet potato vine borer, Omphisa anastomosalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service, Japan ( 33): 35-41, 1997