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Synchronous pattern distinguishes resting tremor associated with essential tremor from rest tremor of Parkinson's disease

Synchronous pattern distinguishes resting tremor associated with essential tremor from rest tremor of Parkinson's disease

Parkinsonism and Related Disorders 17(1): 30-33

Rest tremor associated with essential tremor (ET) is a condition that poses challenges in diagnosing Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated tremor parameters in PD and ET patients with rest tremor. Fifteen patients with PD and 15 patients with ET underwent electrophysiological examination to evaluate characteristics of muscle bursting in rest postures. Rest tremor amplitude of PD patients was significantly higher than that of patients with ET (p = 0.002), whereas burst duration and frequency were significantly higher in ET than in PD group (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, respectively). Patients with PD, however, showed some overlap of these electrophysiological values with values from patients with ET. By contrast, rest tremor pattern showed no overlap between the two diseases, because all patients with ET presented a synchronous pattern whereas PD patients had an alternating pattern (p < 0.001), a finding that differentiated the patients on an individual basis. The electromyographic pattern of rest tremor may help to differentiate PD from ET.

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Accession: 056058031

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PMID: 21071257

DOI: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2010.10.006

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