Section 57
Chapter 56,168

The Bacillus subtilis SftA (YtpS) and SpoIIIE DNA translocases play distinct roles in growing cells to ensure faithful chromosome partitioning

Biller, S.J.; Burkholder, W.F.

Molecular Microbiology 74(4): 790-809


ISSN/ISBN: 1365-2958
PMID: 19788545
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2009.06893.x
Accession: 056167634

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In several bacterial species, the faithful completion of chromosome partitioning is known to be promoted by a conserved family of DNA translocases that includes Escherichia coli FtsK and Bacillus subtilis SpoIIIE. FtsK localizes at nascent division sites during every cell cycle and stimulates chromosome decatenation and the resolution of chromosome dimers formed by recA-dependent homologous recombination. In contrast, SpoIIIE localizes at sites where cells have divided and trapped chromosomal DNA in the membrane, which happens during spore development and under some conditions when DNA replication is perturbed. SpoIIIE completes chromosome segregation post-septationally by translocating trapped DNA across the membrane. Unlike E. coli, B. subtilis contains a second uncharacterized FtsK/SpoIIIE-like protein, SftA (formerly YtpS). We report that SftA plays a role similar to FtsK during each cell cycle but cannot substitute for SpoIIIE in rescuing trapped chromosomes. SftA colocalizes with FtsZ at nascent division sites but not with SpoIIIE at sites of chromosome trapping. SftA mutants divide over unsegregated chromosomes more frequently than wild-type unless recA is inactivated, suggesting that SftA, like FtsK, stimulates chromosome dimer resolution. Having two FtsK/SpoIIIE paralogues is not conserved among endospore-forming bacteria, but is highly conserved within several groups of soil- and plant-associated bacteria.

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