+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) as a candidate sentinel of Atlantic Ocean health

The Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) as a candidate sentinel of Atlantic Ocean health

Aquatic Biosystems 10: 6

Seabirds have been historically used to monitor environmental contamination. The aim of the present study was to test the suitability of a species belonging to the Procellariiformes group, the Manx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus, as a sentinel of environmental health, by determining contaminant levels (trace metals and organochlorine compounds) from carcass tissues and by isolating Vibrio spp. and Aeromonas spp. from live specimens. To this end, 35 Puffinus puffinus carcasses wrecked on the north-central coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and two carcasses recovered in Aracruz, on the coast of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, were sampled, and fragments of muscle and hepatic tissues were collected for contaminant analyses. Swabs from eleven birds found alive at the north-central coast of Rio de Janeiro were collected for isolation of the aforementioned bacteria. THE AVERAGE CONCENTRATION IN DRY WEIGHT (DW) OF THE TRACE METALS WERE: mercury 7.19 mg kg(-1)(liver) and 1.23 mg kg(-1) (muscle); selenium 34.66 mg kg(-1) (liver) and 7.98 mg kg(-1) (muscle); cadmium 22.33 mg kg(-1) (liver) and 1.11 mg kg(-1) (muscle); and lead, 0.1 mg kg(--1) (liver) and 0.16 mg kg(-1) (muscle). Organochlorine compounds were detected in all specimens, and hexachlorbiphenyls, heptachlorbiphenyls and DDTs presented the highest levels. Regarding microbiological contamination, bacteria from the Vibrio genus were isolated from 91% of the analyzed specimens. Vibrio harveyi was the predominant species. Bacteria from the Aeromonas genus were isolated from 18% of the specimens. Aeromonas sobria was the only identified species. The results indicate that Puffinus puffinus seems to be a competent ocean health sentinel. Therefore, the monitoring of contaminant levels and the isolation of public health interest bacteria should proceed in order to consolidate this species importance as a sentinel.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 056198271

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25191536

DOI: 10.1186/2046-9063-10-6

Related references

Nesting of the manx shearwater puffinus puffinus bruennich 1764 on the island of tenerife canary islands north atlantic ocean. Bonner Zoologische Beitraege 41(1): 59-62, 1990

Genetic evidence for speciation of the Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus and mediterranean shearwater Puffinus yelkouan. Vogelwelt 114(6): 226-232, 1993

Observation of the new zealand mutton bird puffinus griseus and of the manx shearwater puffinus puffinus in varanger fjord norway. Alauda 50(2): 149, 1982

Genetic variation of complement c 6 in the manx shearwater puffinus puffinus puffinus. Animal Blood Groups & Biochemical Genetics 13(3): 179-188, 1982

Second record of a manx shearwater puffinus puffinus puffinus in new zealand. Notornis 33(1): 59-61, 1986

Summer sightings of Manx shearwaters Puffinus puffinus in Dutch coastal waters Zomerwaarnemingen van Noordse pijlstormvogels Puffinus puffinus in Nederland. Limosa. september; 731: 7-16, 2000

Isolation of a coronavirus during studies on puffinosis, a disease of the Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus). Archives of Virology 73(1): 1-13, 1982

Genetic variation of the sixth component of complement (C6) in the Manx shearwater (Puffinus p. puffinus). Animal Blood Groups and Biochemical Genetics 13(3): 179-187, 1982

Microgeographical variation in the call of the male Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus. Atlantic Seabirds 11: 17-26, 1999

Nesting of the manx shearwater puffinus puffinus in les sept iles france. Alauda 42(2): 112-113, 1979

Observations of the manx shearwater puffinus puffinus along the black sea coast of bulgaria. Beitraege zur Vogelkunde 20(3): 173-175, 1974

Sight record of Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus for Costa Rica. CotingaAutumn; 18: 98-99, 2002

Movements of manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus in Isle of Wight waters. Isle of Wight Bird Report. 1996? ; 1996: 91-97, 1997

Function of manx shearwater puffinus puffinus calls in mate attraction. Behaviour 89(1-2): 73-89, 1984

First definite capture in North America of the Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus). Auk Lancaster Pa 40: 125, 1923