Section 57
Chapter 56,249

The behavior of key enzymes of xylose metabolism on the xylitol production by Candida guilliermondii grown in hemicellulosic hydrolysate

Gurpilhares, D.B.; Hasmann, F.A.; Pessoa, A.; Roberto, Iês.C.

Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 36(1): 87-93


ISSN/ISBN: 1367-5435
PMID: 18830730
DOI: 10.1007/s10295-008-0475-x
Accession: 056248678

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A variety of raw materials have been used in fermentation process. This study shows the use of rice straw hemicellulosic hydrolysate, as the only source of nutrient, to produce high added-value products. In the present work, the activity of the enzymes xylose reductase (XR); xylitol dehydrogenase (XD); and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) during cultivation of Candida guilliermondii on rice straw hemicellulosic hydrolysate was measured and correlated with xylitol production under different pH values (around 4.5 and 7.5) and initial xylose concentration (around 30 and 70 g l(-1)). Independent of the pH value and xylose concentration evaluated, the title of XD remained constant. On the other hand, the volumetric activity of G6PD increased whereas the level of XR decreased when the initial xylose concentration was increased from 30 to 70 g l(-1). The highest values of xylitol productivity (Q (P) approximately 0.40 g l(-1)) and yield factor (Y (P/S) approximately 0.60 g g(-1)) were reached at highest G6PD/XR ratio and lowest XR/XD ratio. These results suggest that NADPH concentrations influence the formation of xylitol more than the activity ratios of the enzymes XR and XD. Thus, an optimal rate between G6PD and XR must be reached in order to optimize the xylitol production.

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