EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

The catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac) promotes DNA hypomethylation by suppressing the phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK)/phosphorylated ERK/DNMT1 protein pathway in T-cells from controls and systemic lupus erythematosus patients


The catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac) promotes DNA hypomethylation by suppressing the phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK)/phosphorylated ERK/DNMT1 protein pathway in T-cells from controls and systemic lupus erythematosus patients



Journal of Biological Chemistry 288(30): 21936-21944



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 23775084

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m113.467266

DNA hypomethylation is a characteristic feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) immune cells. Numerous reports have implicated the involvement of the MEK/ERK pathway in the reduction of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) expression, hence inducing the transcription of methylation-sensitive genes in SLE patients. However, the molecular mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here, we investigated whether the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac), which is overexpressed in SLE T-cells, contributes to reduced DNA methylation. We show that both chemical suppression and siRNA silencing of PP2Ac in T-cells resulted in sustained phosphorylation of MEK and ERK following stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and ionomycin. Furthermore, PP2Ac suppression resulted in increased DNMT enzyme activity, DNA hypermethylation, and decreased expression of methylation-sensitive genes. Similarly, in SLE T-cells, suppression of PP2Ac resulted in increased MEK/ERK phosphorylation, enhanced DNMT1 expression and suppressed expression of the methylation-sensitive CD70 gene. Our results demonstrate that PP2A regulates DNA methylation by influencing the phosphorylation of MEK/ERK. We propose that enhanced PP2Ac in SLE T-cells may dephosphorylate and activate the signaling pathway upstream of DNMT1, thus disturbing the tight control of methylation-sensitive genes, which are involved in SLE pathogenesis.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 056256615

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT pathways downstream molecules, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and phosphorylated AKT in colorectal cancer-a tissue microarray-based approach. Human Pathology 37(8): 1022-1031, 2006

Differential expression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor-kappaB p105/p50 in chronic inflammatory skin diseases. Journal of Dermatology 36(10): 534-540, 2009

Expressions of Raf-1 kinase, phosphorylated mitogen extracellular kinase 1, and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 in hepatocellular carcinoma and their relationship with prognosis. Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 32(4): 424-428, 2010

E6201, a novel kinase inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase-1 and mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase kinase-1: in vivo effects on cutaneous inflammatory responses by topical administration. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 335(1): 23-31, 2010

Phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 may not always represent its kinase activity in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia with or without ischemic preconditioning. Neuroscience 209: 155-160, 2012

Induction of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 by the stress-activated protein kinase signaling pathway but not by extracellular signal-regulated kinase in fibroblasts. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(2): 639-642, 1996

Production of matrix metalloproteinases in human cultured mast cells: involvement of protein kinase C-mitogen activated protein kinase kinase-extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway. Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology 55(1): 67-76, 2006

Phorbol ester-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular-signal-regulated kinase kinase and extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase decreases glucose-6-phosphatase gene expression. Biochemical Journal 357(Pt 3): 867-873, 2001

Early activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase in response to binding of simian immunodeficiency virus to Jurkat T cells expressing CCR5 receptor. Virology 252(1): 210-217, 1998

Phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK/ERK-P), protein kinase of 38 kDa (p38-P), stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK/JNK-P), and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaM kinase II) are differentially expressed in tau deposits in neurons and glial cells in tauopathies. Journal of Neural Transmission 108(12): 1397-1415, 2001

Late Pregnancy is a Critical Period for Changes in Phosphorylated Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase/Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 1/2 in Oxytocin Neurones. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 28(9), 2016

The Ras GTPase-activating-like protein IQGAP1 mediates Nrf2 protein activation via the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK)-ERK pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 288(31): 22378-22386, 2013

Direct activation of the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathways by an inducible mitogen-activated protein Kinase/ERK kinase kinase 3 (MEKK) derivative. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(5): 2668-2674, 1997

C-Jun N-terminal kinase binding domain-dependent phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 and balancing cross-talk between c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathways in cortical neurons. Neuroscience 159(1): 94-103, 2009

Induction of c-fos and c-jun messenger ribonucleic acid expression by prostaglandin F2alpha is mediated by a protein kinase C-dependent extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in bovine luteal cells. Endocrinology 142(2): 887-895, 2001