+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The influence of social stigma and discriminatory experience on psychological distress and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China



The influence of social stigma and discriminatory experience on psychological distress and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China



Social Science & Medicine 71(1): 84-92



The global literature has revealed a potential negative impact of social stigma on both physical and mental health among stigmatized individuals; however, the mechanisms through which social stigma affects the individual's quality of life and mental health are not well understood. This research simultaneously examines the relationships of several determinants and mediating factors of psychological distress and quality of life. Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey among 1006 adult (predominantly male) rural-to-urban migrants in 2004-2005 in Beijing, China. Participants reported on their perceived social stigma, discriminatory experiences in daily life, preparation for migration, discrepancy between expectation and reality, coping with stigma-related stress, psychological distress, and quality of life. Structural equation modeling was performed. We found that perceived social stigma and discriminatory experiences had direct negative effects on psychological distress and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants. Expectation-reality discrepancy mediated the effects of perceived social stigma and discriminatory experiences on psychological distress and quality of life; coping mediated the effect of social stigma on quality of life. Psychological distress was associated with quality of life. Preparation prior to migration was positively related to coping skills, which were positively related to quality of life. We conclude that perceived social stigma and daily discriminatory experiences have a significant influence on psychological distress and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants. Pre-migration training with a focus on establishment of effective coping skills and preparation of migration may be helpful to improve their quality of life and mental health.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 056384293

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20403653

DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.021


Related references

Social stigma and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China: a comparison with their rural counterparts. World Health & Population 11(2): 30-41, 2010

Social Stigma, Social Capital Reconstruction and Rural Migrants in Urban China: A Population Health Perspective. Human Organization 70(1): 22-32, 2011

Discrimination experience and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China: the mediation effect of expectation-reality discrepancy. Quality of Life Research 18(3): 291-300, 2009

Social stigma and mental health among rural-to-urban migrants in China: a conceptual framework and future research needs. World Health and Population 8(3): 14-31, 2006

Social stigma and mental health among rural-to-urban migrants in China: A conceptual framework and future research needs. World Health & Population 8(3): 14-31, 2008

Prevalence of Diabetes and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Rural-to-Urban Nong Zhuan Fei Migrants in an Urban Area of Northern China, 2013. Public Health Reports 131(1): 167-176, 2016

Psychometric evaluation of health related quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 13(): 155-155, 2016

Expressions of HIV-related stigma among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Aids Patient Care and Stds 22(10): 823-831, 2008

The influence of stigma on depression, overall psychological distress, and somatization among female Turkish migrants. European Psychiatry 27(Suppl. 2): S22-S26, 2013

Psychological distress and quality of life in lung cancer: the role of health-related stigma, illness appraisals and social constraints. Psycho-Oncology 24(11): 1569-1577, 2015

Negative Impacts of Self-Stigma on the Quality of Life of Patients in Methadone Maintenance Treatment: The Mediated Roles of Psychological Distress and Social Functioning. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(7):, 2019

Recasting Stigma as a Dialogical Concept A Case Study of Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 24(2): 75-85, 2013

The influence of social support, lifestyle and functional disability on psychological distress in rural China: structural equation modelling. Australian Journal of Rural Health 21(1): 13-19, 2013

Urban social exclusion and mental health of China's rural-urban migrants - A review and call for research. Health & Place 48: 20-30, 2017

Survey on Tuberculosis Patients in Rural Areas in China: Tracing the Role of Stigma in Psychological Distress. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(10):, 2017