+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The link between body dissatisfaction and self-esteem in adolescents: similarities across gender, age, weight status, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status

The link between body dissatisfaction and self-esteem in adolescents: similarities across gender, age, weight status, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status

Journal of Adolescent Health 47(3): 290-296

The present study examined whether the cross-sectional association between body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem varies across gender, age, body weight status, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES). We also examined the association longitudinally. A school-based survey of eating, weight, and related attitudes was conducted with a diverse sample of adolescents aged 11-18 years (N = 4,746). Height and weight were measured in the schools at Time 1. Participants were resurveyed through mails 5 years later (Time, 2; N = 2,516). The relationship between body dissatisfaction and self-esteem was strong and significant in both boys and girls (all p values < .0001), and did not differ significantly between genders (p = .16), or between the middle school and high school cohorts in either boys (p = .79) or girls (p = .80). Among girls, the relationship between body dissatisfaction and self-esteem was strong, but did vary across weight status, race/ethnicity, and SES (all p values = .0001-.03). The relationship was nonsignificant in underweight girls (p = .36), and weaker but still significant among black, Asian, and low SES group girls (all p values < .0001) in comparison to white and high SES group girls. Among boys, the association did not differ significantly across demographic groups (all p values = .18-.79). In longitudinal analyses, the strength of the association did not change significantly as adolescents grew older. Findings indicate that body dissatisfaction and self-esteem are strongly related among nearly all groups of adolescents. This suggests the importance of addressing body image concerns with adolescents of all backgrounds and ages.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 056396382

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20708569

DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.02.004

Related references

Influences of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on the body dissatisfaction and eating behaviour of Australian children and adolescents. Eating Behaviors 6(1): 23-33, 2004

Associations between socioeconomic status and obesity in diverse, young adolescents: variation across race/ethnicity and gender. Health Psychology 34(1): 1-9, 2015

Body weight, perceived weight stigma and mental health among women at the intersection of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status: insights from the modified labelling approach. Sociology of Health and Illness 40(1): 18-37, 2018

Weight status, gender, and race/ethnicity: are there differences in meeting recommended health behavior guidelines for adolescents?. Journal of School Nursing 31(2): 135-145, 2015

Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006. American Journal of Public Health 99(10): 1893-1901, 2009

The influence of physical activity, socioeconomic status, and ethnicity on the weight status of adolescents. Obesity Research 8(2): 130-139, 2000

Perceptions of body weight among older adults: analyses of the intersection of gender, race, and socioeconomic status. Journals of Gerontology. Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 62(6): S415-S423, 2007

Association between socioeconomic status, weight, age and gender, and the body image and weight control practices of 6- to 19-year-old children and adolescents. Health Education Research 16(5): 521-532, 2001

Changes in reporting of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, gender, and age over 10 years. Pediatrics 115(2): E163-E166, 2005

Overweight concerns and body dissatisfaction among third-grade children: the impacts of ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Journal of Pediatrics 138(2): 181-187, 2001

Same-sex cohabitors and health: the role of race-ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 54(1): 25-45, 2013

Psychological Well-Being in the Early Life Course: Variations by Socioeconomic Status, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity. Social Psychology Quarterly 67(3): 257-278, 2004

Concurrent Social Disadvantages and Chronic Inflammation: The Intersection of Race and Ethnicity, Gender, and Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 5(4): 787-797, 2018

Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, age and gender Identifying groups at risk for elevated C-reactive protein. American Journal of Epidemiology 159(11, Suppl S): S96, 2004

Disparities in health-related quality of life among healthy adolescents in a developing country - the impact of gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status and weight status. Child: Care Health and Development 41(6): 1216-1226, 2015