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Threoninol as a scaffold of dyes (threoninol-nucleotide) and their stable interstrand clustering in duplexes


Threoninol as a scaffold of dyes (threoninol-nucleotide) and their stable interstrand clustering in duplexes



Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 6(16): 2892-2899



ISSN/ISBN: 1477-0520

PMID: 18688481

DOI: 10.1039/b806406g

Functional molecules such as dyes (Methyl Red, azobenzene, and Naphthyl Red) were tethered on D-threoninol as base surrogates (threoninol-nucleotide), which were consecutively incorporated at the center of natural oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs). Hybridization of two ODNs involving threoninol-nucleotides allowed interstrand clustering of the dyes on D-threoninol and greatly stabilized the duplex. When two complementary ODNs, both of which had tethered Methyl Reds on consecutive D-threoninols, were hybridized, the melting temperature increased proportionally to the number of Methyl Reds, due to stacking interactions. Clustering of Methyl Reds induced both hypsochromicity and narrowing of the band, demonstrating that Methyl Reds were axially stacked relative to each other (H-aggregation). Since hybridization lowered the intensity of circular dichroism peaks at the pi-pi* transition region of Methyl Red (300-500 nm), clustered Methyl Reds were scarcely wound in the duplex. Alternate hetero dye clusters could also be prepared only by hybridization of two ODNs with different threoninol-nucleotides, such as Methyl Red-azobenzene and Methyl Red-Naphthyl Red combinations. A combination of Methyl Red and azobenzene induced bathochromic shift and broadening of the band at the Methyl Red region due to the disturbance of exciton interaction among Methyl Reds. But interestingly, the Methyl Red and Naphthyl Red combination induced merging of each absorption band to give a single sharp band, indicating that exciton interaction occurred among the different dyes. Thus, D-threoninol can be a versatile scaffold for introducing functional molecules into DNA for their ordered clustering.

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Accession: 056573096

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