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Time-resolved in situ small-angle X-ray scattering study of silica particle formation in nonionic water-in-oil microemulsions

Time-resolved in situ small-angle X-ray scattering study of silica particle formation in nonionic water-in-oil microemulsions

Langmuir 24(10): 5225-5228

The formation of silica particles by the ammonia-catalyzed hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) in the polyoxyethylene (5) nonylphenyl ether (NP-5)/cyclohexane/water microemulsion system was investigated by time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The SAXS data could be modeled as a combination of two species where one describes the silica-particle containing microemulsion droplets and the other the reverse droplets. The analysis allowed the determination of the evolution of the system of particles of silica and reverse droplets. A model of nucleation and growth of the silica particles is confirmed and the volume fraction versus time data for the silica particles is in agreement with first order kinetics with respect to TEOS concentration. Moreover to describe the long time evolution of the system, a correlation among the silica particles has been taken into account by introducing a structure factor with a local silica volume fraction eta = 0.1. This high local density is 2 orders of magnitude larger than the global silica fraction and can be explained in terms of depleting interaction.

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Accession: 056587591

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18429625

DOI: 10.1021/la8001477

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