+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Tobacco, alcohol and tea drinking as risk factors for esophageal cancer: A case-control study from Mumbai, India

Tobacco, alcohol and tea drinking as risk factors for esophageal cancer: A case-control study from Mumbai, India

Cancer Epidemiology 33(6): 431-434

Esophageal cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer, but some world areas have a markedly higher incidence than others: China, Iceland, India, Japan and United Kingdom, appear to have a higher incidence, as well as the region around the Caspian Sea. In India the incidence rates vary across the country. Despite higher incidence rate, there are only few studies from the Indian subcontinent. This study conducted at Tata Memorial hospital, Mumbai, India, included 442 cases of esophageal cancer and 1628 hospital controls. Data was collected on chewing, smoking, alcohol habits and dietary habits. The results indicated a moderate 1.1 times excess risk for chewers of pan (betel-leaf) with tobacco, 1.8-fold excess risk for bidi smokers and 2-fold for cigarette smokers, and 1.8-fold excess risk for alcohol drinkers. There was a clear dose-response relationship in those with the habits. Among the beverages, tea drinking, common in India, showed a 4-fold excess risk for esophageal cancer. However fresh-fish showed a 20% reduction in risk for esophageal cancer. Besides several other risk factors, these may be studied in the Indian set-up which has a heterogeneous population with a varied life-style and dietary habits. This could give indicators for prevention.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 056598551

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19846360

DOI: 10.1016/j.canep.2009.09.002

Related references

Tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking as risk factors for stomach cancer: A case-control study in Uruguay. Cancer Causes and Control 9(3): 321-329, 1998

Alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and anthropometric characteristics as risk factors for thyroid cancer: a countrywide case-control study in New Caledonia. American Journal of Epidemiology 166(10): 1140-1149, 2007

A case-control study of risk factors for lung cancer in Mumbai, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 12(2): 357-362, 2011

Risk factors for prostate cancer: An hospital-based case-control study from Mumbai, India. Indian Journal of Urology 27(3): 345-350, 2011

Role of tobacco smoking, chewing and alcohol drinking in the risk of oral cancer in Trivandrum, India: a nested case-control design using incident cancer cases. Oral Oncology 44(5): 446-454, 2007

Esophageal cancer risk by type of alcohol drinking and smoking: a case-control study in Spain. Bmc Cancer 8: 221, 2008

Case-control study of risk factors for Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Mumbai, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 14(2): 775-780, 2014

Effect of the interaction between the amount and duration of alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking on the risk of esophageal cancer: A case-control study. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 1(6): 991-997, 2010

Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and risk of oral cavity cancer by subsite: results of a French population-based case-control study, the ICARE study. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 22(3): 268-276, 2013

Gene-environment interactions between alcohol drinking and the MTHFR C677T polymorphism impact on esophageal cancer risk: results of a case-control study in Japan. Carcinogenesis 26(7): 1285-1290, 2005

Alcohol tobacco and occupation as risk factors in head and neck cancer a case control study. Journal of Cancer Research & Clinical Oncology 116(SUPPL PART 1): 358, 1990

Alcohol as an additional risk factor in laryngopharyngeal cancer in Mumbai--a case-control study. Cancer Detection and Prevention 23(1): 37-44, 1999

Risk factors for esophageal cancer in Coimbatore, southern India: a hospital-based case-control study. Indian Journal of Gastroenterology 23(1): 19-21, 2004

Gastric cancer risk in relation to tobacco use and alcohol drinking in Kerala, India--Karunagappally cohort study. World Journal of Gastroenterology 21(44): 12676-12685, 2016

The joint effect of asbestos exposure, tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking on laryngeal cancer risk: evidence from the French population-based case-control study, ICARE. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 73(1): 28-33, 2016