Section 57
Chapter 56,640

Transdermal absorption of memantin--effect of chemical enhancers, iontophoresis, and role of enhancer lipophilicity

Del Rio-Sancho, S.; Serna-Jiménez, C.E.; Calatayud-Pascual, M.A.; Balaguer-Fernández, C.; Femenía-Font, A.; Merino, V.; López-Castellano, A.

European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics Official Journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik E.V 82(1): 164-170


ISSN/ISBN: 1873-3441
PMID: 22732268
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2012.06.005
Accession: 056639954

The transdermal administration of memantine may have advantages with respect to oral therapy when treating advanced stages of Alzheimer's disease. With the ultimate objective of administrating memantine through a transdermal patch, the absorption of the drug across skin was evaluated by means of in vitro permeation studies. The effect of several chemical enhancers was studied in order to enhance percutaneous absorption of the memantine. The iontophoretic transdermal transport of memantine hydrochloride using a current density of 0.5 mA/cm(2) was also investigated. Results demonstrated that pre-treatment of the skin with R-(+)-limonene, laurocapram, decenoic acid, or oleic acid produced a statistically significant increment in the transdermal flux of memantine hydrochloride with respect to the control. Iontophoresis exhibited the greatest ability to enhance the flux of drug with respect to the control; nevertheless, the results obtained with R-(+)-limonene indicate that this compound could be of great use as a percutaneous enhancer in a memantine transdermal delivery system. In this study, the relationship between enhancement activity and lipophilicity was also studied. Satisfactory correlations have been obtained between the optimum lipophilicity of the enhancer and n-octanol/water partition coefficients of drugs. This relationship is a very useful tool that could allow to reduce time and to optimize the selection of appropriate enhancers for transdermal formulations.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90