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Tuning the selectivity of polymeric ionic liquid sorbent coatings for the extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using solid-phase microextraction



Tuning the selectivity of polymeric ionic liquid sorbent coatings for the extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using solid-phase microextraction



Journal of Chromatography. a 1217(40): 6143-6152



A new generation polymeric ionic liquid (PIL), poly(1-4-vinylbenzyl)-3-hexadecylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide (poly(VBHDIm(+) NTf(2)(-))), was synthesized and is shown to exhibit impressive selectivity towards the extraction of 12 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from aqueous samples when used as a sorbent coating in direct-immersion solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled to gas chromatography (GC). The PIL was imparted with aromatic character to enhance π-π interactions between the analytes and the sorbent coating. For comparison purposes, a PIL with similar structure but lacking the π-π interaction capability, poly(1-vinyl-3-hexadecylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide) (poly(HDIm(+) NTf(2)(-))), as well as a commercial polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) sorbent coating were evaluated and exhibited much lower extraction efficiencies. Extraction parameters, including stir rate and extraction time, were studied and optimized. The detection limits of poly(VBHDIm(+) NTf(2)(-)), poly(HDIm(+) NTf(2)(-)), and PDMS coatings varied between 0.003-0.07 μg L(-1), 0.02-0.6 μg L(-1), and 0.1-6 μg L(-1), respectively. The partition coefficients (logK(fs)) of eight PAHs to the three studied fiber coatings were estimated using a static SPME approach. This study represents the first report of analyte partition coefficients to any PIL-based material.

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Accession: 056709954

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PMID: 20800235

DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2010.08.007


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