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Unique structural changes in calcium-bound calmodulin upon interaction with protein 4.1R FERM domain: novel insights into the calcium-dependent regulation of 4.1R FERM domain binding to membrane proteins by calmodulin



Unique structural changes in calcium-bound calmodulin upon interaction with protein 4.1R FERM domain: novel insights into the calcium-dependent regulation of 4.1R FERM domain binding to membrane proteins by calmodulin



Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 69(1): 7-19



Calmodulin (CaM) binds to the FERM domain of 80 kDa erythrocyte protein 4.1R (R30) independently of Ca(2+) but, paradoxically, regulates R30 binding to transmembrane proteins in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. We have previously mapped a Ca(2+)-independent CaM-binding site, pep11 (A(264)KKLWKVCVEHHTFFR), in 4.1R FERM domain and demonstrated that CaM, when saturated by Ca(2+) (Ca(2+)/CaM), interacts simultaneously with pep11 and with Ser(185) in A(181)KKLSMYGVDLHKAKD (pep9), the binding affinity of Ca(2+)/CaM for pep9 increasing dramatically in the presence of pep11. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that pep11 induced key conformational changes in the Ca(2+)/CaM complex. By differential scanning calorimetry analysis, we established that the C-lobe of CaM was more stable when bound to pep11 either in the presence or absence of Ca(2+). Using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, we identified 8 residues in the N-lobe and 14 residues in the C-lobe of pep11 involved in interaction with CaM in both of presence and absence of Ca(2+). Lastly, Kratky plots, generated by small-angle X-ray scattering analysis, indicated that the pep11/Ca(2+)/CaM complex adopted a relaxed globular shape. We propose that these unique properties may account in part for the previously described Ca(2+)/CaM-dependent regulation of R30 binding to membrane proteins.

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Accession: 056762134

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PMID: 24081810

DOI: 10.1007/s12013-013-9758-6


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