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Usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of patellar malalignment



Usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of patellar malalignment



Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica Y Traumatologia 58(1): 19-23



The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at 20° of knee flexion in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) caused by suspected patellofemoral malalignment (PFM). Fifty MRIs were performed on 25 patients with PFPS secondary to suspected PFM based on clinical examination, and on 25 patients without PFPS (control group). Measurements were made of tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance (TTTG) and modified Laurin, Merchant and trochlear angles. The results were analyzed with ANOVA and Fischer tests. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to analyze differences between PFPS and control cases. Specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for knee pain were documented. Significant differences were observed between PFPS and control groups in TTTG (11.79 mm vs. 9.35 mm; P=.002), Laurin angle (12.17° vs. 15.56°; P=.05), and trochlear angle (139° vs. 130.02°; P=.049). No differences were found between groups as regards the Merchant angle (P=.5). TTTG was 70% predictive of PFPS; however, it was only 53.33% specific, with a sensitivity of 51.61% for PFPS. Laurin angle was 77.78% predictive of PFPS, with a specificity of 92% and a sensitivity of 28%. Trochlear angle was 85.71% predictive of PFPS, with a specificity of 96% and a sensitivity of 24%. MRI can confirm clinically suspected PFPS secondary to malalignment. MRI determination of TTTG, patellar tilt, and trochlear angle correlates positively with clinical diagnosis of PFPS, suggesting that PFPS is caused by subtle malalignment.

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Accession: 056808671

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PMID: 24331742

DOI: 10.1016/j.recot.2013.09.002


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