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Uterine rupture during pregnancy and delivery among women attending the Al-Tthawra Hospital in Sana'a City Yemen Republic

Uterine rupture during pregnancy and delivery among women attending the Al-Tthawra Hospital in Sana'a City Yemen Republic

Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky Olomouc Czechoslovakia 150(2): 279-283

About 20 percent of the population in developing countries is composed of women of reproductive age. These women face one of the catastrophic risks of pregnancy "uterine rupture". Studies conducted in the developing world give strong evidence that uterine rupture is a major health problem in these countries with the rate being high in rural areas. The purpose of the study was to estimate the incidence and determine the risk factors and outcome of uterine rupture among women using the referral hospital Al-thawra in Sana'a City, Yemen republic and to extrapolate the data to the whole of Yemen. The data was collected retrospectively; by interviewing, examining and following up all the cases of uterine rupture coming to the hospital during a period of 9 months between September 1996 and May 1997. A descriptive analysis and distribution frequency of the commonest causes of uterine rupture in 37 cases are presented taking into account medical, reproductive, health services provided and sociodemographic factors. Incidence of uterine rupture in Yemen was found to be (0.63), obstructed labor 83 %, contracted pelvis 19 %, previous surgery in 48 %, Oxytocine infusion in 42 %. Grand-multiparty was in 65 % and maternal age over 35 years in 50 %. Antenatal care was only in 34 %. The high percentage of malpresentation, cephalopelvic disproportion, previous uterine surgery accompanied by the high percentage of use of Oxytocin in this study highlights very clearly the role of this medication in increasing the risk of uterine rupture in Yemen.

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Accession: 056821284

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PMID: 17426793

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