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Validation of a survey instrument to evaluate students' learning during community-based advanced pharmacy practice experiences



Validation of a survey instrument to evaluate students' learning during community-based advanced pharmacy practice experiences



American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 73(6): 106



To develop and validate a preceptor/student self-report survey instrument to distinguish between different advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) models based on pharmaceutical care competencies. The survey instrument's psychometric properties and differential impacts of 3 community-based APPE models were evaluated retrospectively. Five dimensions characterized APPE learning: importance of 14 pharmaceutical care competencies; agreement with pharmaceutical care procedures in practice; gains in perceived pharmaceutical care abilities; and learning climate and preceptor support. Most of the survey instrument scales detected student/preceptor differences as well as differences in APPE model structures. A streamlined, 30-item short form was validated against the full 78-item survey instrument. This study confirms that APPE learning can be quantified to: (1) identify high-risk students, (2) train new or continuing preceptors, (3) promote skills-training for select pharmaceutical care competencies, (4) add clarity and structure to APPE learning objectives, and (5) provide students and preceptors with common frameworks for negotiating the APPE experience.

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Accession: 056835488

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19885075


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