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Correlates of alcohol consumption and alcohol dependence among older adults in contemporary China: Results from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey



Correlates of alcohol consumption and alcohol dependence among older adults in contemporary China: Results from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey



Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 2018: 1-16



China has one of the world's largest populations using alcohol. With the trend of increasing alcohol consumption and the rapid growth of its aging population, China has faced imminent public health challenges in the past few decades. This research study aims to investigate determinants related to alcohol consumption behaviors or alcohol dependence among older adults (age ≥60) in China. Using the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey from 2000 to 2014 waves (n = 35,377), we estimated multivariable logistic regression models to examine the factors associated with current alcohol consumption status, alcohol consumption experience, daily consumption, and alcohol dependence. Of all respondents between 2000 and 2014, 5.7% were current alcohol users, 20.3% reported alcohol use experience, 3.3% used alcohol daily, and approximately 1.1% reported alcohol dependence. Current smoking status, health status, and respondents' gender were associated with all alcohol-related behaviors (p < .05). In addition, older adults from newer waves had higher odds of becoming daily alcohol consumers and having alcohol dependence, compared with older adults in the 2000 wave. Older adults living in an institution had lower odds of becoming current alcohol users, compared with those living with household members. Older adults residing in eastern regions had higher odds of becoming current alcohol users, compared with northern residents. Rural residents had higher odds of reporting alcohol use patterns (p < .01), except alcohol use experience. Future public health interventions and promotional strategies should focus on regional and community disparities in China.

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Accession: 056917769

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30040585

DOI: 10.1080/15332640.2018.1456388


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