+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

When does repeated search in scenes involve memory? Looking at versus looking for objects in scenes



When does repeated search in scenes involve memory? Looking at versus looking for objects in scenes



Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance 38(1): 23-41



One might assume that familiarity with a scene or previous encounters with objects embedded in a scene would benefit subsequent search for those items. However, in a series of experiments we show that this is not the case: When participants were asked to subsequently search for multiple objects in the same scene, search performance remained essentially unchanged over the course of searches despite increasing scene familiarity. Similarly, looking at target objects during previews, which included letter search, 30 seconds of free viewing, or even 30 seconds of memorizing a scene, also did not benefit search for the same objects later on. However, when the same object was searched for again memory for the previous search was capable of producing very substantial speeding of search despite many different intervening searches. This was especially the case when the previous search engagement had been active rather than supported by a cue. While these search benefits speak to the strength of memory-guided search when the same search target is repeated, the lack of memory guidance during initial object searches-despite previous encounters with the target objects-demonstrates the dominance of guidance by generic scene knowledge in real-world search.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 056930901

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21688939

DOI: 10.1037/a0024147


Related references

Does repeated search in scenes need memory? When contextual guidance fails, memory takes over. 2011

The interplay of episodic and semantic memory in guiding repeated search in scenes. Cognition 126(2): 198-212, 2013

Decoding natural scenes based on sounds of objects within scenes using multivariate pattern analysis. Neuroscience Research 2018, 2018

Full scenes produce more activation than close-up scenes and scene-diagnostic objects in parahippocampal and retrosplenial cortex: an fMRI study. Brain and Cognition 66(1): 40-49, 2007

Intention, attention and long-term memory for visual scenes: It all depends on the scenes. Cognition 180: 24-37, 2018

Visual search for arbitrary objects in real scenes. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics 73(6): 1650-1671, 2011

Exploring set size effects in scenes: Identifying the objects of search. Visual Cognition 16(1): 1-10, 2008

Eye movements serialize memory for objects in scenes. Perception & Psychophysics 67(4): 676-690, 2005

Incidental visual memory for objects in scenes. Visual Cognition 12(6): 1017-1040, 2005

Addition and deletion of objects on memory for composition of scenes. Psychological Reports 82(3 Pt 2): 1203-1219, 1998

Developmental changes in recognition memory for pictures of objects and scenes. Developmental Psychology 13(4): 337-341, 1977

Illusory conjunctions of forms, objects, and scenes during rapid serial visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition 15(1): 98-109, 1989

Anchoring visual search in scenes: Assessing the role of anchor objects on eye movements during visual search. Journal of Vision 18(13): 11-11, 2018

When memory leads the brain to take scenes at face value: face areas are reactivated at test by scenes that were paired with faces at study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8: 18, 2014

Familiarity influences on direct and indirect associative memory for objects in scenes. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 71(2): 471-482, 2016