EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,214,146
Abstracts:
29,074,682
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Work and marital status in relation to depressive symptoms and social support among women with coronary artery disease


Journal of Women's Health 16(9): 1305-1316
Work and marital status in relation to depressive symptoms and social support among women with coronary artery disease
Work and marital status have been shown to be associated with health outcome in women. However, the effect of employment and marriage on psychosocial functioning has been studied predominantly in healthy subjects. We investigated whether work and marital status are associated with depressive symptoms, social support, and daily stress behavior in women with coronary artery disease (CAD). Data of 105 women with CAD and of working age were analyzed. General linear models were used to determine the association between work and marital status and depressive symptoms, social support, and daily stress behavior. Women who were working at the time of measurement had lower levels of depressive symptoms (7.0 +/- 1.2 vs. 12.1 +/- 0.9, p < 0.01) and higher levels of social support (21.6 +/- 1.0 vs. 18.9 +/- 0.7, p = 0.03) than the nonworking women, whereas marital status was not related to any of the outcome variables. Results were similar after adjusting for potential confounders, that is, age, education, self-reported health, and risk factors for CAD. There was no significant interaction between marital status and working status on depressive symptoms, social support, or daily stress behavior. In women with CAD, all <65 years of age, after a cardiac event, patients working had lower levels of depressive symptoms and a better social integration than those not working, regardless of reason for being nonemployed. Daily stress behavior, depression, and social support did not differ between cohabiting and not cohabiting women. Future interventions should take into consideration that women with CAD who are unemployed may have a higher risk for depression and social isolation and, therefore, poor clinical outcomes.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 056958789

PMID: 18001187

DOI: 10.1089/jwh.2006.0191



Related references

Depressive symptoms in relation to marital and work stress in women with and without coronary heart disease. The Stockholm Female Coronary Risk Study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 54(2): 113-119, February, 2003

Marital status, social support, and depressive symptoms among lesbian and heterosexual women. Journal of Lesbian Studies 20(1): 157-173, 2016

Economic adversity and depressive symptoms in mothers: Do marital status and perceived social support matter?. American Journal of Community Psychology 52(3-4): 359-366, 2014

Common symptoms in middle aged women: their relation to employment status, psychosocial work conditions and social support in a Swedish setting. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 54(3): 192-199, 2000

The enduring effects of marital status on subsequent depressive symptoms among women: investigating the roles of psychological, social and financial resources. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 66(11): 1056-1062, 2013

Type A behavior in employed women: relation to work, marital, and leisure variables, social support, stress, tension, and health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48(4): 1067-1079, 1985

Gender and marital status differences in depressive symptoms among elderly adults: the roles of family support and friend support. Aging & Mental Health 15(7): 844-854, 2011

Social support and sense of belonging as protective factors in the rumination-depressive symptoms relation among Australian women. Women & Health 51(2): 151-167, 2011

Using Marital Status and Continuous Marital Satisfaction Ratings to Predict Depressive Symptoms in Married and Unmarried Women With Systemic Sclerosis: A Canadian Scleroderma Research Group Study. Arthritis Care & Research 68(8): 1143-1149, 2015

Social relations in women with coronary heart disease: the effects of work and marital stress. Journal of Cardiovascular Risk 10(3): 201-206, 2003