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AlphaB-crystallin suppresses oxidative stress-induced astrocyte apoptosis by inhibiting caspase-3 activation

AlphaB-crystallin suppresses oxidative stress-induced astrocyte apoptosis by inhibiting caspase-3 activation

Neuroscience Research 64(4): 355-361

ISSN/ISBN: 0168-0102

PMID: 19379782

DOI: 10.1016/j.neures.2009.04.006

AlphaB-crystallin is a member of the small heat shock proteins, which is abundantly expressed in various vertebrate tissues including the central nervous system. In our previous report, we showed alphaB-crystallin induction in activated astrocytes in the postischemic brain and in H2O2-treated primary astrocyte cultures. To investigate the functional significance of alphaB-crystallin induction in astrocytes, we generated a stable C6 astroglioma cell line overexpressing alphaB-crystallin. In these cells, hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis was reduced by 60% compared to parent cells. Furthermore, the repression of alphaB-crystallin expression by alphaB-crystallin siRNA transfection suppressed this protective effect, indicating that alphaB-crystallin is responsible for the protection against H2O2-induced apoptosis in C6 astroglioma cells. Similar level of aggravation in H2O2-induced apoptosis was observed in primary astrocyte cultures when alphaB-crystallin expression was suppressed by alphaB-crystallin siRNA transfection, confirming the importance of alphaB-crystallin. In addition, the induction of caspase-3 activity after H2O2 treatment was markedly suppressed in alphaB-crystallin-overexpressing cells, and immunoprecipitation proved binding between alphaB-crystallin and partially processed caspase-3 (a p24 intermediate). These results indicate that alphaB-crystallin confers protection against hydrogen peroxide-induced astrocytes apoptosis in part by inhibiting caspase-3 activation.

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Accession: 056981103

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