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Correlations in magnitude series to assess nonlinearities: Application to multifractal models and heartbeat fluctuations

Correlations in magnitude series to assess nonlinearities: Application to multifractal models and heartbeat fluctuations


The correlation properties of the magnitude of a time series are associated with nonlinear and multifractal properties and have been applied in a great variety of fields. Here we have obtained the analytical expression of the autocorrelation of the magnitude series (C_{|x|}) of a linear Gaussian noise as a function of its autocorrelation (C_{x}). For both, models and natural signals, the deviation of C_{|x|} from its expectation in linear Gaussian noises can be used as an index of nonlinearity that can be applied to relatively short records and does not require the presence of scaling in the time series under study. In a model of artificial Gaussian multifractal signal we use this approach to analyze the relation between nonlinearity and multifractallity and show that the former implies the latter but the reverse is not true. We also apply this approach to analyze experimental data: heart-beat records during rest and moderate exercise. For each individual subject, we observe higher nonlinearities during rest. This behavior is also achieved on average for the analyzed set of 10 semiprofessional soccer players. This result agrees with the fact that other measures of complexity are dramatically reduced during exercise and can shed light on its relationship with the withdrawal of parasympathetic tone and/or the activation of sympathetic activity during physical activity.

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Accession: 057011917

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PMID: 29347013

DOI: 10.1103/physreve.96.032218

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