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A Precision Ethylene-Styrene Copolymer with High Styrene Content from Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of 4-Phenylcyclopentene

A Precision Ethylene-Styrene Copolymer with High Styrene Content from Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of 4-Phenylcyclopentene

Macromolecular Rapid Communications 37(12): 975-979

Ring-opening metathesis polymerization of 4-phenylcyclopentene is investigated for the first time under various conditions. Thermodynamic analysis reveals a polymerization enthalpy and entropy sufficient for high molar mass and conversions at lower temperatures. In one example, neat polymerization using Hoveyda-Grubbs second generation catalyst at -15 °C yields 81% conversion to poly(4-phenylcyclopentene) (P4PCP) with a number average molar mass of 151 kg mol(-1) and dispersity of 1.77. Quantitative homogeneous hydrogenation of P4PCP results in a precision ethylene-styrene copolymer (H2 -P4PCP) with a phenyl branch at every fifth carbon along the backbone. This equates to a perfectly alternating trimethylene-styrene sequence with 71.2% w/w styrene content that is inaccessible through molecular catalyst copolymerization strategies. Differential scanning calorimetry confirms P4PCP and H2 -P4PCP are amorphous materials with similar glass transition temperatures (Tg ) of 17 ± 2 °C. Both materials present well-defined styrenic analogs for application in specialty materials or composites where lower softening temperatures may be desired.

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Accession: 057038957

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PMID: 27120434

DOI: 10.1002/marc.201600121

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