+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Aging, Cognitive Decline and Hearing Loss: Effects of Auditory Rehabilitation and Training with Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants on Cognitive Function and Depression among Older Adults

Aging, Cognitive Decline and Hearing Loss: Effects of Auditory Rehabilitation and Training with Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants on Cognitive Function and Depression among Older Adults

Audiology and Neuro-Otology 21(Suppl. 1): 21-28

A growing interest in cognitive effects associated with speech and hearing processes is spreading throughout the scientific community essentially guided by evidence that central and peripheral hearing loss is associated with cognitive decline. For the present research, 125 participants older than 65 years of age (105 with hearing impairment and 20 with normal hearing) were enrolled, divided into 6 groups according to their degree of hearing loss and assessed to determine the effects of the treatment applied. Patients in our research program routinely undergo an extensive audiological and cognitive evaluation protocol providing results from the Digit Span test, Stroop color-word test, Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Geriatric Depression Scale, before and after rehabilitation. Data analysis was performed for a cross-sectional and longitudinal study of the outcomes for the different treatment groups. Each group demonstrated improvement after auditory rehabilitation or training on short- and long-term memory tasks, level of depression and cognitive status scores. Auditory rehabilitation by cochlear implants or hearing aids is effective also among older adults (median age of 74 years) with different degrees of hearing loss, and enables positive improvements in terms of social isolation, depression and cognitive performance.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 057154700

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27806352

DOI: 10.1159/000448350

Related references

The cognitive and psychosocial effects of auditory training and hearing aids in adults with hearing loss. Clinical Interventions in Aging 14: 123-135, 2019

Community-dwelling older adults with hearing loss experience greater decline in cognitive function over time than those with normal hearing. Evidence-Based Nursing 17(2): 60-61, 2014

Long-Term Cognitive Prognosis of Profoundly Deaf Older Adults After Hearing Rehabilitation Using Cochlear Implants. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 66(8): 1553-1561, 2018

Self-Reported Hearing Loss, Hearing Aids, and Cognitive Decline in Elderly Adults: A 25-Year Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 63(10): 2099-2104, 2015

The Relationship Between Hearing Loss and Cognitive Decline in the Elderly and the Efficiency of Hearing Rehabilitation in Preventing Cognitive Decline. Harefuah 157(6): 374-377, 2018

Hearing impairment can affect your overall health. Hearing loss can lead to depression and isolation. But new hearing aids and cochlear implants offer hope. Health News 12(2): 5-6, 2006

Restoration of hearing by hearing aids: conventional hearing aids - implantable hearing aids - cochlear implants - auditory brainstem implants. Gms Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 4: Doc03, 2005

Hearing aid fitting in older persons with hearing impairment: the influence of cognitive function, age, and hearing loss on hearing aid benefit. Clinical Interventions in Aging 10: 435-443, 2015

Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults. JAMA Internal Medicine 173(4): 293-299, 2013

Aural rehabilitation for individuals with severe and profound hearing impairment Hearing aids, cochlear implants, counseling, and training. Valente, M Strategies for selecting and verifying hearing aid fittings 267-299, 1994

Development of the achieve healthy aging study: A randomized controlled trial to determine if hearing loss treatment can reduce the risk of cognitive decline and dementia in older adults. Alzheimer's & Dementia 11(7): P756-P757, 2015

Recognition and Comprehension of "Narrow Focus" by Young Adults With Prelingual Hearing Loss Using Hearing Aids or Cochlear Implants. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 60(12): 3609-3624, 2017

Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults: questions and answers. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research 26(6): 567-573, 2014

Helping Older People with Cognitive Decline Communicate: Hearing Aids as Part of a Broader Rehabilitation Approach. Seminars in Hearing 34(04): 308-330, 2013

Effects of the programed teaching materials of speech and hearing rehabilitation on children with cochlear implants and hearing aids in Taiwan. Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 57: 209-211, 2000