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Amplification by (-)-epigallocatechin gallate and chlorogenic acid of TNF-α-stimulated interleukin-6 synthesis in osteoblasts

Amplification by (-)-epigallocatechin gallate and chlorogenic acid of TNF-α-stimulated interleukin-6 synthesis in osteoblasts

International Journal of Molecular Medicine 36(6): 1707-1712

Polyphenolic compounds in foods and beverages have beneficial effects on human health. (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and chlorogenic acid (CGA), a major flavonoid in green tea and a major phenolic acid in coffee, respectively, have potent properties, including antioxidative effects. Our previous study demonstrated that p70 S6 kinase acts as a negative regulator in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-stimulated interleukin-6 synthesis in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. In the present study, the effects of EGCG and CGA on the TNF-α-stimulated interleukin‑6 synthesis were investigated in MC3T3‑E1 cells. EGCG and CGA significantly enhanced TNF-α-stimulated interleukin-6 release. In addition, the interleukin-6 mRNA expression levels induced by TNF‑α were supported by EGCG, as well as CGA. EGCG markedly attenuated the TNF-α-induced phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase whereas CGA failed to affect the phosphorylation. These results strongly suggest that EGCG and CGA enhance the TNF-α-stimulated interleukin-6 synthesis in osteoblasts, and that the amplifying effect of EGCG, but not CGA, is exerted via inhibiting p70 S6 kinase.

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Accession: 057168995

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PMID: 26496857

DOI: 10.3892/ijmm.2015.2381

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