+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Antimicrobial Resistance in Wildlife: Implications for Public Health



Antimicrobial Resistance in Wildlife: Implications for Public Health



Zoonoses and Public Health 62(7): 534-542



The emergence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria in natural environments is a major concern with serious implications for human and animal health. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of AMR Escherichia coli (E. coli) in wild birds and mammalian species. Thirty faecal samples were collected from each of the following wildlife species: herring gulls (Larus argentatus), black-headed gulls (Larus ridibundus), lesser black-back gulls (Larus fuscus), hybrid deer species (Cervus elaphus x Cervus nippon) and twenty-six from starlings (Sturnus vulgaris). A total of 115 E. coli isolates were isolated from 81 of 146 samples. Confirmed E. coli isolates were tested for their susceptibility to seven antimicrobial agents by disc diffusion. In total, 5.4% (8/146) of samples exhibited multidrug-resistant phenotypes. The phylogenetic group and AMR-encoding genes of all multidrug resistance isolates were determined by PCR. Tetracycline-, ampicillin- and streptomycin-resistant isolates were the most common resistant phenotypes. The following genes were identified in E. coli: bla(TEM), strA, tet(A) and tet(B). Plasmids were identified in all samples that exhibited multidrug-resistant phenotypes. This study indicates that wild birds and mammals may function as important host reservoirs and potential vectors for the spread of resistant bacteria and genetic determinants of AMR.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 057213382

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25639901

DOI: 10.1111/zph.12182


Related references

Medical and veterinary use of antimicrobial agents: implications for public health. A clinician's view on antimicrobial resistance. Veterinary Microbiology 35(3-4): 269-274, 1993

Gonococcal antimicrobial resistance: the implications for public health control. Sexually Transmitted Infections 89 Suppl 4: Iv1-Iv2, 2014

Detection and Antimicrobial Resistance of Vibrio Isolates in Aquaculture Environments: Implications for Public Health. Microbial Drug Resistance 22(3): 238-245, 2015

Fleas and Ticks in Carnivores From a Domestic-Wildlife Interface: Implications for Public Health and Wildlife. Journal of Medical Entomology 53(6): 1433-1443, 2016

Antimicrobial resistance in urinary bacterial isolates from pregnant women in rural Tanzania: implications for public health. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 37(4): 262-268, 2005

National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System: Two Decades of Advancing Public Health Through Integrated Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 14(10): 545-557, 2017

Antimicrobial resistance determinants of Escherichia coli isolates recovered from some rivers in Osun State, South-Western Nigeria: Implications for public health. Science of the Total Environment 523: 82-94, 2015

Antimicrobial resistance in animal and public health: introduction and classification of antimicrobial agents. Revue Scientifique et Technique 31(1): 15-21, 2013

The Risk of Some Veterinary Antimicrobial Agents on Public Health Associated with Antimicrobial Resistance and their Molecular Basis. Frontiers in Microbiology 7(): 1626-1626, 2016

Yersiniosis in wildlife and its public health implications. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 9(1): 64-71, 1973

Antimicrobial resistance: risk analysis methodology for the potential impact on public health of antimicrobial resistant bacteria of animal origin. Revue Scientifique et Technique 20(3): 811-827, 2001

Potential impact of antimicrobial resistance in wildlife, environment and human health. Frontiers in Microbiology 5: 23-23, 2014

Environmental contaminants and reproductive abnormalities in wildlife: implications for public health?. Toxicology and Industrial Health 12(3-4): 537-550, 1996

Salmonella on Rottnest Island: implications for public health and wildlife management. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 661-2: 15-20, 1983

Antibiotic resistance is an emerging threat to public health: an urgent call to action at the Antimicrobial Resistance Summit 2011. Medical Journal of Australia 194(6): 281-283, 2011