+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Association of Graduated Driver Licensing With Driver, Non-Driver, and Total Fatalities Among Adolescents



Association of Graduated Driver Licensing With Driver, Non-Driver, and Total Fatalities Among Adolescents



American Journal of Preventive Medicine 51(1): 63-70



Graduated driver licensing systems typically require an extended learner permit phase, and create night-time driving or passenger restrictions for adolescent drivers. Restricted driving might increase the use of alternative transportation to replace driving and consequently increase crashes and injuries for passengers, bus riders, pedestrians, and bicyclists. This study examined whether graduated driver licensing increases non-driver fatalities among adolescents, and whether it reduces total traffic fatalities combining drivers and non-drivers. Longitudinal analyses were conducted using data from the 1995-2012 U.S. Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Adjusted rate ratios were estimated for being fatally injured in a crash according to: (1) presence/absence of a graduated driver licensing system; and (2) four levels of graduated driver licensing systems (absent, weak, medium, strong). Analyses were conducted in 2015. Among adolescents aged 16 years, graduated driver licensing was not associated with increased passenger fatalities (adjusted rate ratio, 0.96; 95% CI=0.90, 1.03) or pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities (adjusted rate ratio, 1.09; 95% CI=0.85, 1.39), but was associated with an 11% reduction in total traffic fatalities. Among those aged 17 years, graduated driver licensing was not associated with increased fatalities as passengers, pedestrians, or bicyclists, and was not associated with reduced total traffic fatalities. In general, graduated driver licensing systems were not associated with increased fatalities as passengers, pedestrians, bicyclists, and bus riders. Graduated driver licensing systems were associated with reduced total fatalities of adolescents aged 16 years.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 057253180

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27067034

DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.02.024


Related references

Initial effects of graduated driver licensing on 16-year-old driver crashes in North Carolina. JAMA 286(13): 1588-1592, 2001

Young Driver Compliance With Graduated Driver Licensing Restrictions Before and After Implementation of a Decal Provision. Journal of Adolescent Health 62(5): 612-617, 2018

Graduated driver licensing and teenage driver research in 2006. Journal of Safety Research 37(2): 107-121, 2006

Comparison of older and younger novice driver crash rates: Informing the need for extended Graduated Driver Licensing restrictions. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 108: 66-73, 2017

Tracking progress in teenage driver crash risk in the United States since the advent of graduated driver licensing programs. Journal of Safety Research 53: 1-9, 2015

Parental influence on adolescent compliance with graduated driver licensing conditions and crashes as a restricted licensed driver: New Zealand drivers study. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 69: 30-39, 2015

Long-term effect of the North Carolina graduated driver licensing system on licensed driver crash incidence: a 5-year survival analysis. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 42(6): 1647-1652, 2010

Graduated driver licensing and teen traffic fatalities. Journal of Health Economics 24(3): 571-589, 2005

Alcohol-related relative risk of driver fatalities and driver involvement in fatal crashes in relation to driver age and gender: an update using 1996 data. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61(3): 387-395, 2000

Participation in driver education/training courses during graduated driver licensing, and the effect of a time-discount on subsequent traffic offenses: Findings from the New Zealand Drivers Study. Journal of Safety Research 55: 13-20, 2016

Effects of graduated driver licensing on fatalities in 16-year-olds. Pediatrics 118(5): 2252-3; Author Reply 2253-4, 2006

The New Zealand graduated driver licensing system: teenagers' attitudes towards and experiences with this car driver licensing system. Injury Prevention 1(3): 177-181, 1995

Brief Report: The Association of Graduated Driver Licensing with Nondriver Transport-related Injuries Among Adolescents. Epidemiology 27(5): 620-623, 2018

Reducing young driver crash casualties in Great Britain - use of routine police crash data to estimate the potential benefits of graduated driver licensing. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 20(4): 321-330, 2014

The association between graduated driver licensing laws and travel behaviors among adolescents: an analysis of US National Household Travel Surveys. Bmc Public Health 16: 647, 2017