Section 58
Chapter 57,381

Changes in mitochondrial morphology and organization can enhance energy supply from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in diabetic cardiomyopathy

Jarosz, J.; Ghosh, S.; Delbridge, L.M.D.; Petzer, A.; Hickey, A.J.R.; Crampin, E.J.; Hanssen, E.; Rajagopal, V.

American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 312(2): C190-C197


ISSN/ISBN: 0363-6143
PMID: 27903587
DOI: 10.1152/ajpcell.00298.2016
Accession: 057380063

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Diabetic cardiomyopathy is accompanied by metabolic and ultrastructural alterations, but the impact of the structural changes on metabolism itself is yet to be determined. Morphometric analysis of mitochondrial shape and spatial organization within transverse sections of cardiomyocytes from control and streptozotocin-induced type I diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats revealed that mitochondria are 20% smaller in size while their spatial density increases by 53% in diabetic cells relative to control myocytes. Diabetic cells formed larger clusters of mitochondria (60% more mitochondria per cluster) and the effective surface-to-volume ratio of these clusters increased by 22.5%. Using a biophysical computational model we found that this increase can have a moderate compensatory effect by increasing the availability of ATP in the cytosol when ATP synthesis within the mitochondrial matrix is compromised.

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