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Characterization of Urolithiasis in Patients Following Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction with Intestinal Segments



Characterization of Urolithiasis in Patients Following Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction with Intestinal Segments



Journal of Endourology 31(3): 217-222



Urinary diversion and augmentation cystoplasty are associated with long-term complications, including metabolic derangements, infectious complications, and urolithiasis. The aim of this series was to characterize upper and lower urinary tract (LUT) calculi in this population. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients with a history of urinary diversion or augmentation cystoplasty who subsequently underwent treatment for urolithiasis between January 1998 and May 2015. Data collected included demographics, perioperative characteristics, type of reconstructive procedure, urine culture, stone analysis, and metabolic evaluation. A statistical analysis was performed. Ninety-nine patients were identified with a history of urolithiasis and incontinent urinary diversion (28), neobladder (21), continent cutaneous diversion (12), and augmentation cystoplasty (38). LUT stones were more common than upper tract stones in all except for incontinent diversions, which only had one lower tract stone (p = 0.0001). Twenty-three percent of stones were metabolic. Several metabolic derangements were noted, including hypocitraturia (100%), elevated urine pH (100%), low urine volume (70%), and hyperoxaluria (35%). There was a 44% rate of recurrent urolithiasis. Given the high rate of stone recurrence among patients with a history of urinary diversion and augmentation cystoplasty, all measures should be taken to prevent recurrent stones. In addition to actions aimed to prevent infectious stones such as bladder and pouch irrigation, we recommend these patients undergo a full metabolic workup with targeted dietary changes and medical therapies.

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Accession: 057387566

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27936931

DOI: 10.1089/end.2016.0297


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