Compaction behavior and deformation mechanism of directly compressible textured mannitol in a rotary tablet press simulator

Tarlier, N.; Soulairol, I.; Bataille, B.; Baylac, G.; Ravel, P.; Nofrerias, I.; Lefèvre, P.; Sharkawi, T.

International Journal of Pharmaceutics 495(1): 410-419


ISSN/ISBN: 0378-5173
PMID: 26363108
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2015.09.007
Accession: 057454245

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Textured mannitol powder is widely used as a pharmaceutical excipient for tablet compaction. In order to choose the right tableting parameters, it is necessary to understand its mechanical behavior during deformation under industrial tableting conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical behavior during deformation of a textured mannitol using a rotary tablet press simulator. Mean yield pressure (Py) obtained by Heckel modeling, Walker coefficients (W) and Stress Rate Sensitivity (SRS) were compared to reference excipients, known for either their plastic (microcrystalline cellulose) or fragmentary (lactose and dibasic calcium phosphate) deformation behavior. Py, W and SRS values showed that the studied textured mannitol has a fragmentary deformation mechanism. Furthermore, this mechanical behavior was not sensitive to lubrication, which is characteristic of fragmentary excipients.