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Comparison of Cosmesis and Body Image After Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Versus Conventional Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy



Comparison of Cosmesis and Body Image After Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Versus Conventional Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy



Transplantation Proceedings 48(3): 729-733



This study used a questionnaire to objectively assess the body image of donors who underwent conventional laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (L-DN) or laparoscopic single-site donor nephrectomy (LESS-DN). Surgical outcomes were compared between the two groups. Twenty patients underwent L-DN and 20 underwent LESS-DN. The postoperative outcomes of the two approaches were retrospectively compared and evaluated for differences in cosmesis and body image. The questionnaire comprised a body image questionnaire, including a body image scale (BIS) and cosmetic scale (CS), and a photo-series questionnaire (PSQ). A higher score indicated a more favorable assessment. Pain was assessed by comparing the number of times an analgesic was administered during hospitalization. There were no significant differences in operative outcomes between L-DN and LESS-DN. The average BIS score (maximum possible, 20 points) was 18.5 points for patients who underwent L-DN and 19.5 points for patients who underwent LESS-DN (P = .025). Patients who underwent L-DN had a median CS score (maximum possible, 24 points) of 17.5 points, whereas patients who underwent LESS-DN had a median CS score of 19.0 points (P = .113). The average PSQ score was 7.1 points for patients who underwent L-DN and 8.8 points for patients who underwent LESS-DN (P = .01). Patients who underwent LESS-DN were administered an analgesic was significantly number of times less than patients who underwent DN (P = .01). LESS-DN results in a better body image and better cosmetic appearance than does L-DN, indicating the clinical usefulness of LESS-DN.

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Accession: 057463358

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PMID: 27234723

DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2015.09.069


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