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Conservative treatment for isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery: Report of two cases



Conservative treatment for isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery: Report of two cases



International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 26: 17-20



Isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is rare and a treatment strategy has not been established yet. In this paper, we present our experience with two cases and review the literature. Both cases were treated conservatively as they did not show signs of bowel ischemia. They were symptom free with no evidence of disease progression after a median follow-up of 3.5 years. There are three methods for the treatment of isolated SMA dissection; observation with medical therapy, endovascular surgery, and open surgery. Most patients with isolated SMA dissection can be treated with observation alone. Although the indications for surgery are still controversial, patients with bowel ischemia should undergo invasive treatment in the form of either endovascular or open surgery. We recommend observation with medical therapy as the first choice for isolated SMA dissection. However, long term follow-up is necessary as the extent of the dissection may change over time.

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Accession: 057494233

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27429179

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2016.07.003


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