Section 58
Chapter 57,522

Correlation of pressure and displacement during gingival displacement: An in vitro study

Bennani, V.; Aarts, J.M.; Schumayer, D.

Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 115(3): 296-300


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3913
PMID: 26548889
DOI: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2015.08.008
Accession: 057521535

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Although numerous gingival displacement materials are available, information is limited regarding the pressures that can atraumatically produce sufficient gingival displacement for a successful impression. The purpose of this in vitro study was to measure pressure and the resulting movement of artificial gingiva during simulated gingival displacement. An idealized tooth model was made from acrylic resin and polyvinyl siloxane to simulate the free gingiva, sulcus, and attachment. The pressure and displacement achieved by 3 materials (Expasyl, Expasyl New, and KnitTrax Cord) were measured. A stereoscopic digital measuring microscope was used to quantify the space generated by the displacement material. A pressure gauge was used to measure the corresponding pressures. The injection of Expasyl resulted in a displacement distance of 1.31 mm, Expasyl New 1.07 mm, and KnitTrax Cord 0.85 mm, which are within acceptable clinical parameters. The correlation between pressure and gap showed that Expasyl and Expasyl New behaved similarly, while KnitTrax Cord was different. Expasyl, Expasyl New, and KnitTrax Cord all had maximum pressures that would be considered atraumatic to the epithelial attachment. An increase in pressure resulted in an increase in displacement for the 2 paste materials. However, contrary to expectation, displacement decreased as pressure increased for the cord material.

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