+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Critical thinking skills in nursing students: a comparison between freshmen and senior students



Critical thinking skills in nursing students: a comparison between freshmen and senior students



Nursing and Midwifery Studies 4(1): E25721



Critical thinking is one of the most important concepts in the field of education. Despite studies published on nursing students' critical thinking skills (CTS), some suggest that there is not enough evidence supporting the relationship between content of nursing education programs and nursing students' CTS. Given the existing discrepancies, this study aimed to compare the critical thinking skills of freshmen and senior nursing students. This comparative study was conducted on 150 undergraduate freshmen and senior nursing students in Kashan University of Medical Sciences, during 2012. The students in the first and the last semesters of their study in nursing were entered in the study using the census method. Data were collected using a questionnaire including questions on demographic data and the California Critical Thinking Skills Test, form B. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS v.13 software. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Moreover, independent sample t-test and Spearman and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used in the data analysis. Both the freshmen and senior nursing students had low CTS. The mean critical thinking scores were 11.79 ± 4.80 and 11.21 ± 3.17 for the freshmen and the senior students, respectively (P = 0.511). Moreover, no significant correlation was found between the students' score in CTS and their age, gender, high school grade point average (GPA), rank in university entrance examination (RUEE) and interest in the nursing profession. The students were low skilled in critical thinking and their CTS did not significantly change during their nursing degree. Thus it may be concluded that the nursing education program did not affect the CTS of its students. Longitudinal studies are suggested for assessing nursing students' critical thinking over time. Moreover, revising the curriculum and preparing nursing educators for implementing innovative and active teaching strategies are suggested.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 057534838

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25830160


Related references

The relationship between clinical decision-making skills in nursing and general critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing programs. Journal of Nursing Education 29(9): 391-399, 1990

Critical thinking dispositions and skills of senior nursing students in associate, baccalaureate, and RN-to-BSN programs. Journal of Nursing Education 45(6): 233-237, 2006

Critical thinking ability and clinical decision-making skills among senior nursing students in associate and baccalaureate programmes in Korea. Journal of Advanced Nursing 27(2): 414-418, 1998

Critical thinking skills in nursing students: comparison of simulation-based performance with metrics. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(10): 2182-2193, 2010

A longitudinal study of critical thinking dispositions & critical thinking skills in baccalaureate nursing students. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi 35(2): 382-389, 2005

The relationship of critical thinking skills and critical thinking dispositions of baccalaureate nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing 43(6): 569-577, 2003

Professionalism versus general critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing curricula. Journal of Professional Nursing 8(2): 87-95, 1992

The relationship of critical-thinking skills and the clinical-judgment skills of baccalaureate nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education 39(8): 373-376, 2000

The Impact of Critical Thinking on Clinical Judgment During Simulation With Senior Nursing Students. Nursing Education Perspectives 37(2): 83-90, 2016

Comparing the effects of problem-based learning and the traditional lecture method on critical thinking skills and metacognitive awareness in nursing students in a critical care nursing course. Nurse Education Today 45: 16-21, 2016

Critical thinking skills of baccalaureate nursing students. Journal of Professional Nursing 11(6): 351-357, 1995

Nursing students critical thinking skills in Tabriz nursing and midwifery faculty. Research Journal Of Biological Sciences: 5, 475-479, 2008

Nursing care plans versus concept maps in the enhancement of critical thinking skills in nursing students enrolled in a baccalaureate nursing program. Creative Nursing 18(2): 78-84, 2012

Teaching critical thinking skills to undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Educator 22(3): 37-39, 1997

Evaluating critical thinking skills of baccalaureate nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education 36(10): 485-488, 1997