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Cross-Reactivity of Porcine Immunoglobulin a Antibodies with Fecal Immunoglobulins of Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) and other Animal Species

Seo, S.W.; Yoo, S.J.; Sunwoo, S.; Hyun, B.H.; Lyoo, Y.S.

Immune Network 16(3): 195-199

2016


ISSN/ISBN: 1598-2629
PMID: 27340389
DOI: 10.4110/in.2016.16.3.195
Accession: 057535539

Fecal samples obtained from wild boar habitats are useful for the surveillance of diseases in wild boar populations; however, it is difficult to determine the species of origin of feces collected in natural habitats. In this study, a fecal IgA ELISA was evaluated as a method for identifying the porcine species from fecal samples. Both domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) and wild boars (Sus scrofa coreanus) showed significantly higher levels of fecal IgA than other animal species. Additionally, age dependent changes in the level of Ig A in wild boars and domestic pigs were identified; Titers of Ig A were highest in suckling period and lowest in weanling period.

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