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Decreased levels of procoagulant phospholipids in bleeding patients treated by vitamin K antagonists

Decreased levels of procoagulant phospholipids in bleeding patients treated by vitamin K antagonists

Thrombosis Research 137: 36-40

International Normalized Ratio (INR) is currently used to monitor vitamin K antagonist therapy, and the bleeding incidence becomes exponential for INR>4.5. Inversely, more than 50% of patients with a supratherapeutic INR are asymptomatic. Therefore it could be of interest to identify patients with a higher bleeding risk. Microparticles derived from different cell types express procoagulant phospholipids (PPL) which can be evaluated by a chronometric coagulation assay where a shortening of the clotting times is associated with increased levels of PPL. In a series of 174 consecutive patients referred to our Emergency Department with an INR>5, median level of PPL was significantly (p=0.004) lower (38.2s) in the 119 asymptomatic patients than in patients with nonmajor (43.6s, n=35) or major bleeding (46.6s, n=19), indicating higher levels of procoagulant phospholipids in asymptomatic patients. By receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, a cut-off of 43.5s discriminated patients with higher haemorrhagic risk (area under the curve=0.648). In contrast, thrombomodulin levels, quantified either by immunological or functional assays were not significantly different between both groups. In conclusion, evaluation of PPL could be of interest to define the haemorrhagic risk of VKA- treated patients.

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Accession: 057564920

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26632514

DOI: 10.1016/j.thromres.2015.11.028

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