Deficiency of iPLA₂β Primes Immune Cells for Proinflammation: Potential Involvement in Age-Related Mesenteric Lymph Node Lymphoma
Inhoffen, J.; Tuma-Kellner, S.; Straub, B.; Stremmel, W.; Chamulitrat, W.
Cancers 7(4): 2427-2442
ISSN/ISBN: 2072-6694 PMID: 26690222 Accession: 057567163
Proinflammation can predispose the body to autoimmunity and cancer. We have reported that iPLA₂β(-/-) mice are susceptible to autoimmune hepatitis and colitis. Here we determined whether cytokine release by immune cells could be affected by iPLA₂β deficiency alone or combined with CD95/FasL-antibody treatment in vivo. We also determined whether cancer risk could be increased in aged mutant mice. Immune cells were isolated from 3-month old male WT and iPLA₂β(-/-) mice, and some were injected with anti-CD95/FasL antibody for 6 h. Kupffer cells (KC) or splenocytes and liver lymphocytes were stimulated in vitro by lipopolysaccharide or concanavalinA, respectively. Whole-body iPLA₂β deficiency caused increased apoptosis in liver, spleen, and mesenteric lymph node (MLN). KC from mutant mice showed suppressed release of TNFα and IL-6, while their splenocytes secreted increased levels of IFNγ and IL-17a. Upon CD95/FasL activation, the mutant KC in turn showed exaggerated cytokine release, this was accompanied by an increased release of IFNγ and IL-17a by liver lymphocytes. Aged iPLA₂β(-/-) mice did not show follicular MLN lymphoma commonly seen in aged C57/BL6 mice. Thus, iPLA₂β deficiency renders M1- and Th1/Th17-proinflammation potentially leading to a reduction in age-related MLN lymphoma during aging.