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The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
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Detection of West Nile virus and tick-borne encephalitis virus in birds in Slovakia, using a universal primer set


Detection of West Nile virus and tick-borne encephalitis virus in birds in Slovakia, using a universal primer set



Archives of Virology 161(6): 1679-1683



ISSN/ISBN: 0304-8608

PMID: 27001305

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-016-2828-5

West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne neurotropic pathogen that presents a major public health concern. Information on WNV prevalence and circulation in Slovakia is insufficient. Oral and cloacal swabs and bird brain samples were tested for flavivirus RNA by RT-PCR using newly designed generic primers. The species designation was confirmed by sequencing. WNV was detected in swab and brain samples, whereas one brain sample was positive for tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). The WNV sequences clustered with lineages 1 and 2. These results confirm the circulation of WNV in birds in Slovakia and emphasize the risk of infection of humans and horses.

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Accession: 057587018

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