Distribution characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection: an analysis of 13 198 cases
Liao, J.-Y.; Zhang, T.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 18(7): 607-613
To investigate the distribution characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP), and Legionella pneumophila (LP) in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI). A total of 13 198 hospitalized children with ARTI were enrolled as study subjects. Whole blood and urine were collected. The passive agglutination was used to detect serum MP-IgM, ELISA was used to detect serum CP-IgM, and immunochromatography was performed to detect urinary LP antigen. Among the 13 198 hospitalized ARTI children, the detection rates of MP, CP, and LP were 25.31%, 12.74% and 3.27%, suggesting that MP had the highest detection rate (P<0.0125). The detection rates of MP in 2013 and 2014 were significantly higher than that in 2012 (P<0.0125). CP had the highest detection rate in 2013, and LP had the highest detection rate in 2014 (P<0.0125). These three pathogens were detected all around the year, and MP had the highest detection rate in all seasons (P<0.0125). The detection rate of mixed infection with three pathogens was 4.35%, and mixed infection with MP and CP was the most common (P<0.0071). Among the children in different age groups, the patients aged 5-16 years showed the highest overall detection rate of three pathogens (P<0.0071). Among the children with different types of ARTI, the children with bronchopneumonia showed the highest overall detection rate of three pathogens (P<0.0045). MP, CP, and LP, particularly MP, are important pathogens for children with ARTI in the local area. LP infection tends to increase year by year and should be taken seriously in clinical practice.