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Deletion of hephaestin and ceruloplasmin induces a serious systemic iron deficiency and disrupts iron homeostasis



Deletion of hephaestin and ceruloplasmin induces a serious systemic iron deficiency and disrupts iron homeostasis



Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 503(3): 1905-1910



Multi-copper ferroxidases (MCFs) play important roles in cellular iron metabolism and homeostasis. In this study, we generated the hephaestin (Heph), ceruloplasmin (Cp) single and Heph/Cp double knockout (KO) mice to investigate the roles of MCFs in iron transport among system and vital organs in mice at 4 weeks and 6 months of age. Compared with wild-type (WT) mice, Heph/Cp mice at both ages presented with severe anemia and significantly lower iron level in the serum and spleen, but with significantly higher iron level in the liver, heart, kidney, and duodenal enterocytes. Furthermore, Heph/Cp mice displayed significantly lower level of hepcidin mRNA and transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1) protein expression, but significantly higher level of ferroportin 1 (FPN1) protein expression in the liver than WT mice at 6 months of age. Liver superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) enzyme activities were significantly lower in Heph/Cp KO mice than WT mice at 6 months of age. Together, our results suggest that ablation of HEPH and CP could lead to severe systemic iron deficiency and local tissue iron overload, which disrupt the whole body iron homeostasis and impact on tissue functions.

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Accession: 057689366

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PMID: 30060949

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.07.134


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