Section 58
Chapter 57,704

Effect of exercise therapy on neuromuscular activity and knee strength in female adolescents with patellofemoral pain-An ancillary analysis of a cluster randomized trial

Rathleff, M.S.; Samani, A.; Olesen, J.L.; Roos, E.M.; Rasmussen, S.; Madeleine, P.

Clinical Biomechanics 34: 22-29


ISSN/ISBN: 1879-1271
PMID: 27054583
DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2016.03.002
Accession: 057703745

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Female adolescents with patellofemoral pain are characterized by altered neuromuscular knee control and reduced maximal quadriceps torque. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether exercise therapy and patient education are associated with larger improvements in neuromuscular knee control and maximal quadriceps torque compared with patient education alone. This is an ancillary analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of patient education and exercise therapy on self-reported recovery in 121 adolescents with patellofemoral pain. A random subsample of 57 female adolescents was included and tested at baseline and after 3months. Neuromuscular control of the knee was quantified as the complexity of surface electromyography of the vastus lateralis and vastus medialis during stair descent. Secondary outcomes were complexity of knee flexion/extension kinematics and maximal quadriceps torque. There was an 8-15% greater decrease in the complexity of surface electromyography suggesting an improvement in neuromuscular knee control among those randomized to exercise therapy (0.08
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