Effects of Thalidomide on Peripheral Blood Th17 Cells of Patients with Multiple Myeloma
Yang, Y.; He, A.-L.; Wang, J.-L.; Liu, J.; Zhao, W.-H.; Bai, J.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 23(5): 1341-1345
ISSN/ISBN: 1009-2137 PMID: 26524034 Accession: 057722691
To explore the change of T help cell 17 (Th17) in the peripheral blood of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) before and after treatment with thalidomide. A total of 35 MM patients treated with thalidomide and 35 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The percentage of Th17 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The mRNA levels of retinoid-related orphan receptor gamma-t (RORγt) were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and the plasm IL-17 levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The percentage of Th17 cells, the mRNA expression of RORγt and the plasm IL-17 levels in patients with MM were statistically higher than those in normal controls (P < 0.05). The percentage of Th17 cells was not correlate with the sex, age, disease type, globulin, immune globulin, light chain, M-protein and the proportion of plasmocytes (P > 0.05), but correlated with ISS stage, the level of β2-microglobulin and the plasm IL-17 levels (P < 0.05). The percentage of Th17 cells, the mRNA expression of RORγt and the plasm IL-17 levels in patients with response to thalidomide were statistically lower than those in patients before treatment (P < 0.05). The Th17 cells increase in the peripheral blood of patients with MM, the Th17 cells may participate in the occurrence of MM. Thalidomide may exert anti-MM through down-regulating Th17 cells.