Efficacy of octreotide long-acting repeatable in neuroendocrine tumors: RADIANT-2 placebo arm post hoc analysis
Strosberg, J.R.; Yao, J.C.; Bajetta, E.; Aout, M.; Bakker, B.; Hainsworth, J.D.; Ruszniewski, P.B.; Van Cutsem, E.; Öberg, K.; Pavel, M.E.
Endocrine-Related Cancer 22(6): 933-940
ISSN/ISBN: 1479-6821 PMID: 26373569 DOI: 10.1530/erc-15-0314
Somatostatin analogues (SSA) have demonstrated antiproliferative activity in addition to efficacy for carcinoid symptom control in functional neuroendocrine tumors (NET). A post hoc analysis of the placebo arm of the RAD001 In Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors-2 (RADIANT-2) study was conducted to assess the efficacy of octreotide long-acting repeatable (LAR) on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Out of 213 patients randomized to placebo plus octreotide LAR in RADIANT-2, 196 patients with foregut, midgut, or hindgut NET were considered for present analysis. Of these, 41 patients were SSA-treatment naïve and 155 had received SSA therapy before study entry. For SSA-naïve patients, median PFS by adjudicated central review was 13.6 (95% CI 8.2-22.7) months. For SSA-naïve patients with midgut NET (n=24), median PFS was 22.2 (95% CI 8.3-29.5) months. For patients who had received SSA previously, the median PFS was 11.1 (95% CI 8.4-14.3) months. Among the SSA-pretreated patients who had midgut NET (n=119), the median PFS was 12.0 (95% CI 8.4-19.3) months. Median OS was 35.8 (95% CI 32.5-48.9) months for patients in the placebo plus octreotide LAR arm; 50.6 (36.4 - not reached) months for SSA-naïve patients and 33.5 (95% CI 27.5-44.7) months for those who had received prior SSA. This post hoc analysis of the placebo arm of the large phase 3 RADIANT-2 study provides data on PFS and OS among patients with progressive NET treated with octreotide therapy.