Section 58
Chapter 57,748

Electrochemical characterization of gelatinized starch dispersions: voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy on platinum surface

Hernandez-Jaimes, C.; Lobato-Calleros, C.; Sosa, E.; Bello-Pérez, L.A.; Vernon-Carter, E.J.; Alvarez-Ramirez, J.

Carbohydrate Polymers 124: 8-16


ISSN/ISBN: 1879-1344
PMID: 25839788
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.02.002
Accession: 057747454

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The electrochemical properties of gelatinized starch dispersions (GSD; 5% w/w) from different botanical sources were studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests over a platinum surface. The phenomenological modelling of EIS data using equivalent circuits indicated that after gelatinization the electrical resistance was determined mainly by the resistance of insoluble material (i.e., ghosts). Sonication of the GSD disrupted the ghost microstructure, and produced an increase in electrical conductivity by reducing the resistance of the insoluble material. The CV data showed three oxidation peaks at potentials where glucose solutions displayed oxidation waves. It is postulated that hydrolysis at the bulk and electrocatalyzed oxidation on the Pt-surface are reactions involved in the starch transformation. Starches peak intensity increased with the amylose content, suggesting that the amylose-rich matrix played an important role in the charge transfer in the electrolytic system.

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