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Detection and characterization of early plaque formations by Raman probe spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography: an in vivo study on a rabbit model

Detection and characterization of early plaque formations by Raman probe spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography: an in vivo study on a rabbit model

Journal of Biomedical Optics 23(1): 1-6

Intravascular imaging techniques provide detailed specification about plaque appearance and morphology, but cannot deliver information about the biochemical composition of atherosclerotic plaques. As the biochemical composition is related to the plaque type, important aspects such as the risk of a plaque rupture and treatment are still difficult to assess. Currently, various spectroscopic techniques are tested for potential applications for the chemical analysis of plaque depositions. Here, we employ Raman spectroscopy in combination with optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the characterization of plaques on rabbits in vivo. Experiments were carried out on New Zealand white rabbits treated with a fat- and cholesterol-enriched diet, using a Raman probe setup with a 785-nm multimode laser as an excitation source. Subsequently, OCT images were acquired with a swept source at 1305±55  nm at 22.6 mW. Raman spectra were recorded from normal regions and regions with early plaque formations. The probe positioning was monitored by x-ray angiography. The spectral information identified plaque depositions consisting of lipids, with triglycerides as the major component. Afterward, OCT images of the spectroscopically investigated areas were obtained. The spectral information correlates well with the observed intravascular morphology and is in good agreement with histology. Raman spectroscopy can provide detailed biochemical specification of atherosclerotic plaques.

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Accession: 057790974

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29318812

DOI: 10.1117/1.JBO.23.1.015004

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