+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Gaucher's disease;thirty-two years experience at Siriraj Hospital
A study of Macrobathra Meyrick from China (Lepidoptera, Cosmopterigidae)
First occurrence in ores of tetragonal chalcocite
Effects of trace element nutrition on sleep patterns in adult women
N.Z. range management guidelines. 2. Design of grazing management systems for tussock country
A case of lipoma of the esophagus
A revision of world Acanthosomatidae (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): keys to and descriptions of subfamilies, tribes and genera, with designation of types
Life history of the coronate scyphozoan Linuche unguiculata (Swartz, 1788)
Perceptual restoration of obliterated sounds
Mutagenicity studies on two chromium(III) coordination compounds
The formation of the skeleton. I. Growth of a long bone. 1st appearance of a center of calcification
Leucopenia and abnormal liver function in travellers on malaria chemoprophylaxis
The joint commission: four key root causes loom large in sentinel event data
Treatment of vitiligo with topical 15% lactic acid solution in combination with ultra violet-A
Behaviour of dairy cows within three hours after feed supply: I. Influence of housing type and time elapsing after feed supply
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Management and control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: results from the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS)
The diet composition and nutritional knowledge of patients with anorexia nervosa
Physoporella croatica Herak, 1958 of the Slovak karst Anisian (Slovakia, the West Carpathians Mts.)
Bright lights, big noise. How effective are vehicle warning systems?
Ein Plesiosaurier-Rest mit Magensteinen aus mittlerem Lias von Quedlinburg
Incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in patients with sterility
Monster soup: the microscope and Victorian fantasy
Preliminary tests with residual sprays against poultry lice
Duration of the life of plants in phylogeny

Evolutionary Dynamics of Influenza A Viruses in US Exhibition Swine

Evolutionary Dynamics of Influenza A Viruses in US Exhibition Swine

Journal of Infectious Diseases 213(2): 173-182

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1899

PMID: 26243317

DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiv399

The role of exhibition swine in influenza A virus transmission was recently demonstrated by >300 infections with influenza A(H3N2) variant viruses among individuals who attended agricultural fairs. Through active influenza A virus surveillance in US exhibition swine and whole-genome sequencing of 380 isolates, we demonstrate that exhibition swine are actively involved in the evolution of influenza A viruses, including zoonotic strains. First, frequent introduction of influenza A viruses from commercial swine populations provides new genetic diversity in exhibition pigs each year locally. Second, genomic reassortment between viruses cocirculating in exhibition swine increases viral diversity. Third, viral migration between exhibition swine in neighboring states demonstrates that movements of exhibition pigs contributes to the spread of genetic diversity. The unexpected frequency of viral exchange between commercial and exhibition swine raises questions about the understudied interface between these populations. Overall, the complexity of viral evolution in exhibition swine indicates that novel viruses are likely to continually reemerge, presenting threats to humans.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 057825009

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Different evolutionary trends of swine H1N2 influenza viruses in Italy compared to European viruses. Veterinary Research 44: 112, 2013

Introduction, Evolution, and Dissemination of Influenza A Viruses in Exhibition Swine in the United States during 2009 to 2013. Journal of virology 90(23): 10963-10971, 2016

Origin and evolutionary pathways of the H1 hemagglutinin gene of avian, swine and human influenza viruses: cocirculation of two distinct lineages of swine virus. Archives of Virology 134(1-2): 17-28, 1994

Comparative study of the differential susceptibility of different cell lines to pandemic H1N1v influenza viruses and avian influenza, swine influenza, and human influenza viruses. Voprosy Virusologii 56(6): 14-19, 2011

Independence of evolutionary and mutational rates after transmission of avian influenza viruses to swine. Journal of Virology 73(3): 1878-1884, 1999

Different evolutionary trajectories of European avian-like and classical swine H1N1 influenza A viruses. Journal of Virology 83(11): 5485-5494, 2009

Multiplex PCR tests sentinel the appearance of pandemic influenza viruses including H1N1 swine influenza : Novel 2009 influenza AH1N1 (swine variant). Journal of Clinical Virology 45(3): 200-202, 2009

The prevalence of influenza viruses in swine and the antigenic and genetic relatedness of influenza viruses from man and swine. Virology 84(1): 51-62, 1978

Prevalence, Genetics and Evolutionary Properties of Eurasian Avian-like H1N1 Swine Influenza Viruses in Liaoning. Viruses 14(3), 2022

Evolutionary dynamics and emergence of panzootic H5N1 influenza viruses. Plos Pathogens 4(9): E1000161, 2008

Evolutionary dynamics of the N1 neuraminidases of the main lineages of influenza A viruses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56(2): 526-535, 2010

Location on the evolutionary trees of the non-structural protein (NS) and neuraminidase (NA) genes of late human influenza A (H2N2) viruses: Parental viruses of the NS and NA genes of Hong Kong influenza A (H3N2) viruses. Journal of General Virology 74: 1667-1672, 1993

Movement patterns of exhibition swine and associations of influenza A virus infection with swine management practices. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 251(6): 706-713, 2017

Dynamics of influenza A virus infections in permanently infected pig farms: evidence of recurrent infections, circulation of several swine influenza viruses and reassortment events. Veterinary Research 44: 72, 2013

Evolutionary pathways of N2 neuraminidases of swine and human influenza A viruses: origin of the neuraminidase genes of two reassortants (H1N2) isolated from pigs. Journal of General Virology 72: 693-698, 1991