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Exosomes Released from Cells Infected with Crohn's Disease-associated Adherent-Invasive Escherichia coli Activate Host Innate Immune Responses and Enhance Bacterial Intracellular Replication



Exosomes Released from Cells Infected with Crohn's Disease-associated Adherent-Invasive Escherichia coli Activate Host Innate Immune Responses and Enhance Bacterial Intracellular Replication



Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 22(3): 516-528



Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, of which the etiology involves environmental, genetic, and microbial factors. A high prevalence of adherent-invasive Escherichia coli, named AIEC, has been reported in the intestinal mucosa of patients with Crohn's disease. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles that function in intercellular communication and have been implicated in host responses to intracellular pathogens. We investigated the potential involvement of exosomes in host response to AIEC infection. Human intestinal epithelial T84 cells, THP-1 macrophages, and CEABAC10 transgenic mice were infected with the AIEC reference strain LF82 or the nonpathogenic E. coli K-12 MG1655 strain. Exosomes were purified using the ExoQuick reagent. LF82 infection induced the release of exosomes by T84 and THP-1 cells. Compared with exosomes released from the uninfected or MG1655-infected T84 cells, those released from LF82-infected cells activated nuclear factor-kappa B, mitogen-activated protein kinases p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase and increased the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in naive THP-1 macrophages. LF82 infection of THP-1 macrophages also induced the release of exosomes that triggered a proinflammatory response in recipient THP-1 cells. Importantly, stimulation of T84 or THP-1 cells with exosomes released from LF82-infected cells increased LF82 intracellular replication compared with stimulation with exosomes secreted by uninfected cells. Exosomes purified from intestinal lumen of CEABAC10 transgenic mice infected with LF82 increased proinflammatory responses in murine RAW 264.7 macrophages compared with those from uninfected or MG1655-infected mice. Exosomes are new mediators of host-AIEC interaction with their capacity to activate innate immune responses and subvert the control of AIEC replication.

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Accession: 057831766

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26595556

DOI: 10.1097/mib.0000000000000635


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