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Factors Influencing Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India



Factors Influencing Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India



Journal of the International Association of Providers of Aids Care 15(6): 529-533



Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) has transformed life threatening HIV/AIDS scenario into chronic manageable disease. In this cross-sectional, 409 People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) aged ≥ 18 years, who were on ART, were assessed regarding the adherence to ART and factors affecting adherence using semi-structured questionnaire. The association between factors affecting adherence and the level of adherence were analyzed using multiple logistic regression model and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were reported. Among 409 PLHIV, 70.4% showed adherence to ART (≥95%). Univariate analysis yielded many factor associated with adherence (P < 0.05). However, on multivariate analysis, PLHIV who do not forget to take ART and not consuming alcohol were the factors consistent with adherence to ART (P < 0.05). Regular patient education and counseling regarding the usage of memory aids and abstinence from alcohol could be useful for adherence and long term success of ART among PLHIV.

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Accession: 057858255

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PMID: 27493025

DOI: 10.1177/2325957416661424


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